"Contaminated Land" is land which is impacted by hazardous chemical substances (such arsenic, DDT, asbestos or oil) that may pose a risk to human health and/or the environment.
Land contamination can occur as a result of poor environmental management and waste disposal practices, or accidental spills in industrial or commercial activities. In some cases, land may have been contaminated by activities that were not known to be dangerous at the time, often involving chemicals which have since been banned or are now subject to much stricter controls. As such, land contamination is predominantly a historical problem.
See additional information on Contaminated Land.
Under the EP Act, the department maintains two public access registers containing land-use planning information in relation to land that has been or has the potential to have been contaminated:
- the Environmental Management Register (EMR)
- the Contaminated Land Register (CLR).
The EMR/CLR is a public register and anyone can undertake a search A person removing and disposing of contaminated soil from land which is recorded on the EMR/CLR to an off-site location must obtain a Soil Disposal Permit.
Application forms are available for various contaminated land actions.