Coastal management plans and strategies
Queensland’s coast is a significant natural resource and provides valuable ecosystem services that support the state’s economic and social development. However, the high demand for use of coastal land by the community can result in coastal environments becoming degraded or used for purposes contrary to the objectives of the Coastal Protection and Management Act 1995 (Coastal Act).
Coastal environments constantly adapt to change as a result of dynamic natural processes, such as tides, waves, floods, storms and cyclones, and changes in sea level. Climate change impacts, such as increasing sea levels, increasing intensity of storms and cyclones, and changed rainfall patterns will compound and extend the vulnerability of Queensland’s low-lying coastal areas to coastal hazards. Degraded environments can accelerate this rate of change and increase instability in coastal environments.
In response to these issues, coastal development generally requires assessment under the Sustainable Planning Act 2009 (SPA) to ensure it is managed to protect and conserve environmental, social and economic coastal resources and enhance the resilience of coastal communities to coastal hazards. For more information about this, refer to coastal development.
Other activities that are not defined as development under the SPA are considered under the Coastal Management Plan.