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Urban stormwater quality

Final draft October 2018 Implementation Guidance for Off-site Urban Stormwater Management

The final draft – October 2018 - Implementation Guidance for Off-site Urban Stormwater Management— State Planning Policy State Interest Water Quality 2017 Policy 5 (b)—Off-site stormwater quality management (PDF, 1.3M) has  been developed from initial consultation submissions to help achieve the outcomes of the State Planning Policy (SPP) State Interest: Water Quality 2017.

Final consultation has commenced and submissions are invited until Friday 16 November 2018.

The aim of the implementation guidance is to provide local governments and industry with information about how urban stormwater quality impacts from new development may be managed off-site.

Under the SPP State Interest: Water Quality, applicable development must meet post-construction stormwater management design objectives by managing stormwater, either on-site or off-site.

Off-site management solutions (through a suitable alternative locally appropriate solution) provide flexible options where on-site compliance with post-construction stormwater management design objectives cannot be achieved, and the relevant local government allows the use of such off-site solutions.

Email your submissions on this final draft implementation guidance to until Friday 16 November 2018.

For further information contact .

Erosion and Sediment Control (ESC) capacity building workshops

A two million dollar Queensland Government program aims to help reduce the amount of sediment washing off building and construction sites and flowing into the Great Barrier Reef and Moreton Bay.

The Erosion Sediment Control (ESC) capacity building events are being developed by the department, Healthy Land and Water Ltd, the Local Government Association of Queensland, Master Builders Queensland and the Housing Industry Association (Qld).

The program includes:

  • field days demonstrating best practice and emerging technologies such as high efficiency sediment basins;
  • training relating to the erosion and sediment control toolkit;
  • local information sharing workshops (Community of Practice)
  • recent amendments to the State Planning Policy to improve erosion and sediment control measures during construction and through water sensitive urban design; and
  • Information regarding graduated penalties for local government urban building site erosion and sediment control compliance programs.;

ESC resources

Materials developed during the previous program – including online, mobile and App accessible ESC factsheets and iAuditor tool – aim to support the building industry to improve management practices and reduce sediment entering your local waterways, Moreton Bay and the iconic Great Barrier Reef. These resources are available on the Healthy Land & Water ESC tool Kit page.

Dates and venues

The department has contracted Healthy Land and Water to coordinate delivery of the program in conjunction with industry and councils. Details of the new sessions will be available by mid October 2017.

Further Information 

SPP Code: Water Quality

The The State Planning Policy includes a SPP Code (Water Quality Appendix 2) that provides a Performance outcomes and acceptable outcomes to ensure development is planned, design constructed and operated to manage stormwater and wastewater in ways that support the protection of environmental values identified in the Environmental Protection (Water) Policy 2009.

The SPP (Part E) contains interim development assessment (DA) requirements for some state interests including the State Interest-Water Quality. The interim development assessment requirements apply to the extent the SPP has not been identified in the planning scheme as being appropriately integrated in the planning scheme. ‘Part 2 State Planning provisions’ of the relevant local government planning scheme will identify if the Water Quality aspect of the SPP has been appropriately integrated into the planning scheme.

In making or amending a planning schemes and designating land for community infrastructure, local governments must consider:

  • the Principles in Part C of the SPP ; and
  • all the plan making provisions outlined in Part D of the SPP ‘Making or amending a planning scheme or designating land for community infrastructure’.

The State Interest-Water Quality is that “The environmental values and quality of Queensland waters are protected and enhanced”. In order to achieve this Planning Schemes are to appropriately integrate the provisions in Part D of the SPP ‘Making or amending a planning scheme or designating land for community infrastructure relating to: Receiving water including urban stormwater management; development in water supply buffers areas in SEQ and Acid sulfate soils.

The SPP Code: Water Quality (Appendix 2) must be considered for interim development assessment for those triggered by the type of development (reconfiguring a lot, material change of use and operational works) and area of land to be developed (generally greater than 2500m2), until local planning schemes contain similar or equivalent provisions that ‘appropriately integrate’ the SPP Part D requirement including provisions reflecting the SPP Code: Water Quality.

Stormwater design objectives

A key element of the SPP Code: Water Quality are the ‘Design objectives’ for the Construction phase and the post-construction phases of development, expressed in Table A and B respectively. Table A deals with planning and staging development and construction works in a way that minimises-using best practice site management-the risk of sediment washing off the site and polluting waterways during construction phase.

Table A: Construction phase—stormwater management design objectives

Table A deals with the three critical element of Erosion and sediment control (ESC) on construction sites

  • Drainage control – providing for temporary drainage around and through the work site for a specified storm event – A local government may specify an alternative storm event in its Planning Scheme
  • Erosion control
  • Sediment control, as well as:
    • avoiding and controlling litter and other contaminants that can be generated from construction personnel and vehicle on site
    • avoiding or minimising impacts on receiving water stream flow during construction activities for frequent small flows (1 year ARI events) and larger flood flows (100 year ARI events).

Further information on construction phase erosion and sediment control.

Table B: Post construction phase—stormwater management design objectives

Table B deals with the pollutants known to be generated from developed urban land uses1. Through Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) (see below) and the use of a stormwater quality ‘treatment train’ consisting of devices such as rainwater tanks, grassed swales, bio-retention basins and/or constructed wetlands increased pollutant loads from fertilising lawns etc. Even nitrogen contained in rainwater that runs on hard surfaces rather than infiltrating into soils can contribute to increased nitrogen levels in waterways.

The effectiveness of the stormwater treatment device can be predicted through software such as MUSIC – Model for Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation. Table B specifies the minimum reduction in mean annual loads from unmitigated development expressed as a percentage required for several climatic regions across Queensland for 4 key pollutants:

  • Total suspended Solids (TSS)
  • Total phosphorous (TP)
  • Total Nitrogen (TN)
  • Gross pollutants >5mm

Community Infrastructure

The SPP State Interest – Water Quality must also be considered by local governments and Queensland Government agencies when designating land for community infrastructure (as defined in Schedule 2 of Sustainable Planning Act 2009.

1 Australian Runoff Quality: A Guide to Water Sensitive Urban Design. Wong, THF (Ed). 2006 Engineers Australia.

Derivation of stormwater management design objectives

Background information on the derivation of stormwater management Design Objectives used in SEQ over the last decade.

Technical note

The Technical Note: Derivation of Design Objectives (PDF, 2.5M) summarises the technical studies used to derive the statewide water sensitive urban design objectives presented in Chapter 2 of the Urban Stormwater Quality Planning Guidelines 2010. Further technical notes could be developed as modelling and monitoring data are received and analysed.

Water sensitive urban design supporting documents

Business Case for Water Sensitive Urban Design (PDF)  by the South East Queensland Healthy Waterways Partnership (Water by Design 2009) addresses the costs and benefits of meeting urban stormwater design objectives for managing stormwater quality, frequent flows and waterways stability. The benefits are shown to significantly outweigh the costs.

The Water Sensitive Urban Design Deemed to Comply Solutions—Stormwater Quality by the South East Queensland Healthy Waterways Partnership (Water by Design 2010) outlines a series of off-the-shelf stormwater solutions for meeting water quality design objectives for small-scale development in South East Queensland.

The Concept Design Guidelines for Water Sensitive Urban Design (PDF)  assists urban design professionals to conceptualise and develop design solutions that integrate best-practice urban water management into urban development.

Related links


Southeast Queensland

Regional Queensland

Locally derived design objectives including:

Linear Infrastructure

Contact details

For further information please contact the Healthy Waters Team:

Last updated
15 October 2018